Sukarno Appointed As First President Of Indonesia
Saturday, 18th August 1945
The basic governmental structure of the new Republic of Indonesia was defined with the appointment of Sukarno as President and Mohammad Hatta as President and Vice-President. As the putting into effect the 1945 Indonesian constitution, which excluded any reference to Islamic law. The Central Indonesian National Committee (Komite Nasional Indonesia Poesat/KNIP) was setup to assist the president prior to election of a parliament.
Sukarno Declared Indonesia Independence
Friday, 17th August 1945
Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta, declaring the independence of Indonesia in front of a crowd of 500 people outside his house at No. 56 Jalan Pegangsaan in Jakarta. Sukarno's vision for the 1945 Indonesian constitution comprised the Pancasila (five principles). Sukarno's political philosophy was mainly a fuse of elements of Marxism, Nationalism and Islam.
Japanese Occupier Withdraw From Indonesia
Monday, 6th August 1945
Most of the Japanese military personnel and civilian colonial administrators were repatriated to Japan. Several hundred were detained for investigations into war crimes. About 1,000 Japanese soldiers deserted from their units and assimilated into local communities. Many of these soldiers provided assistance to Indonesian Republican forces during the Indonesian National Revolution.